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Kaushik Raghupathi is a senior IT Professional and Project Manager working out of India. Over the years he has worked on numerous IT projects with large sized teams. He is personally very fascinated around Learning methodologies in general and specifically around Community Based Learning with a specific focus on Technology Trends. He is currently experimenting the concepts by working with students in this area. Kaushik has posted 2 posts at DZone. View Full User Profile

5 Key Events in the history of Cloud Computing

02.26.2011
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While we have been evaluating in our blog posts the various features available on popular Cloud Computing platforms today, I thought it might be a good idea to understand when and how all this started and look back at where this began and trace some of the key events in the progress of cloud computing. Amazon like all other Internet companies in the period of the dot com bubble were left with large amounts of underutilized computing infrastructure, reports suggest less than 10% of the server infrastructure of many companies were being used. Amazon may have use cloud computing as a way to provide this unused resources as utility computing service when they launched S3 as the first true cloud computing service in March 2006.

1. Launch of Amazon Web Services in July 2002
The initial version of AWS in 2002 was focused more on making information available from Amazon to partners through a web services model with programmatic and developer support and was very focused on Amazon as a retailer. While this set the stage for the next steps the launch of S3 was the true step towards building a cloud platform.
Amazon Press Release

2. S3 Launches in March 2006
Here are some interesting articles on the launch of S3 in 2006. The real breakthrough however was the pricing model for S3 which defined the model of 'pay-per-use' which has now become the defacto standard for cloud pricing. Also the launch of S3 really defined the shift of Amazon from being just a retailer to a strong player in the technology space.
Techcrunch Post on S3 on March 14th, 2006
Read Write Web Post on S3 and EC2 on Nov 3rd, 2006
Business Week Article on Jeff Bezos vision on cloud computing on Nov 13th, 2006


3. EC2 Launches in August 2006
EC2 had a much quieter launch in August 2006 but i would think had the bigger impact by making core computing infrastructure available. This completed the loop on enabling a more complete cloud infrastructure being available. In fact at that time analysts had some difficulty in understanding what the big deal is, and thought it looks similar to other hosting services available online only with a different pricing model.
Some interesting articles from that time on the launch:
Technologyevangelist Blog
Virtualization Info

4. Launch of Google App Engine in April 2008
The launch of Google App Engine in 2008 was the entry of the first pure play technology company into the Cloud Computing market. Google a dominant Internet company entering into this market was clearly a major step towards wide spread adoption of cloud computing. As with all their other products they introduced radical pricing models with a free entry level plan and extremely low cost computing and storage services which are currently among the lowest in the market.
Techcrunch post on App Engine Launch
Google App Engine Launch Post

5. Windows Azure launches Beta in Nov 2009
The entry of Microsoft into Cloud Computing is a clear indication of the growth of the space. Microsoft for long has not accepted the Internet and the web as a significant market and has continued to focus on the desktop market for all these years. I think this is a realization that a clear shift is taking place. The launch of Azure is a key event in the history of cloud computing with the largest software company making a small but significant shift to the web.
Launch of Azure Beta
Azure General Availability - Feb 2010
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References
Published at DZone with permission of its author, Kaushik Raghupathi. (source)

(Note: Opinions expressed in this article and its replies are the opinions of their respective authors and not those of DZone, Inc.)

Comments

Brad Buck replied on Fri, 2010/07/30 - 11:33am

I'd throw in the launch of force.com as a top event in cloud computing history. Salesforce was the first vendor to make an impact on the PaaS market. Force.com also proves a new model of application development which creates an ecosystem of apps in a domain. Some other vendors are also taking this approach too. Really its tough to pick the top events. The cloud computing market has exploded, http://cloudtaxonomy.com

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Pravid Prabhu replied on Tue, 2013/02/26 - 7:38am in response to: Brad Buck

Common Attributes of Cloud ComputingPooled computing – advanced virtualizationDelivered over the InternetElastic scalingFlexible pricing – pay only for they useProvide resources as a service.

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Martin Rush replied on Sat, 2013/03/16 - 1:22pm in response to: Brad Buck

Concerned about the relative costs of cloud computing? Released earlier this year is a joint report from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) concerning the costs of cloud for research. Specifically focused on cloud server infrastructure, the 64-page report is an essential read for anyone considering using hosted processing resources rather than in-house systems, not just research organisations.


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William Blesch replied on Thu, 2013/03/28 - 8:12am

I've actually never heard of force.com. (Not that this signifies anything really.) However, I liked the concept of an "ecosystem of apps." I recently read about a young guy that developed just such an ecosystem of apps and went on to sell them for more than 7 figures. Being able to generate a passive income and tap into the global market is something most people only dream about. Systems taught by people like Raam Anand using his AgencyRiches  program can also lead to those 7 figure type of incomes.

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Here are some interesting articles on the launch of S3 in 2006. The real breakthrough however was the pricing model for S3 which defined the model of 'pay-per-use' things to do in Las Vegas

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In fact at that time analysts had some difficulty in understanding what the big deal is, and thought it looks similar to other hosting services available online only with a different pricing model. bioshock infinite free download

Mike Lurset replied on Fri, 2013/05/24 - 5:00pm

EC2 had a much quieter launch in August 2006 but i would think had the bigger impact by making core computing infrastructure available. my blog

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Uchenna Ani-Okoye replied on Sun, 2013/08/11 - 2:40pm

 These events have been both key and pivotal. It's been such a long time that I struggle to remember what it was like with Amazon, for example. - Uchenna

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