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Venkatt Guhesan has been an Enterprise Java Architect with over 15 years of software development experience living and working in the Baltimore, Maryland area. Enjoys developing in Java, Scala, Groovy, Python, Ruby, Cold Fusion and Perl. Strong supporter of open source technologies including Linux and Apache Foundation. Venkatt is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 12 posts at DZone. View Full User Profile

Working with ZeroMQ, Java, and JZMQ on a CentOS Platform

06.06.2014
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Recently I decided to port some of my development using ZeroMQ onto my CentOS development machine and I ran into some challenges. I’m documenting those challenges so that if someone else runs into the same pitfalls I did, they can avoid it.

In this example today, we will work with the first “HelloWorld” examples in the ZeroMQ guide found here. I added a few modifications to the sample such as a package name and a try-catch around the Thread and an exception.tostring() to display any stack-trace.

Source code for src/zmq/hwserver.java

package zmq;
 
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.io.StringWriter;
 
import org.zeromq.ZMQ;
 
//
// Hello World server in Java
// Binds REP socket to tcp://*:5555
// Expects "Hello" from client, replies with "World"
//
 
public class hwserver {
 
    /**
     * @param args
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ZMQ.Context context = ZMQ.context(1);
        // Socket to talk to clients
        ZMQ.Socket socket = context.socket(ZMQ.REP);
        socket.bind ("tcp://*:5555");
        try {
            while (!Thread.currentThread ().isInterrupted ()) {
                byte[] reply = socket.recv(0);
                System.out.println("Received Hello");
                String request = "World" ;
                socket.send(request.getBytes (), 0);
                Thread.sleep(1000); // Do some 'work'
            }
        } catch(Exception e) {
            StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
            PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(sw);
            e.printStackTrace(pw);
            System.out.println(sw.toString());
        }
        socket.close();
        context.term();
 
    }
 
}

Similarly, source code for the client, src/zmq/hwclient.java

package zmq;
 
import org.zeromq.ZMQ;
 
public class hwclient {
 
    /**
     * @param args
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ZMQ.Context context = ZMQ.context(1);
 
        // Socket to talk to server
        System.out.println("Connecting to hello world server");
 
        ZMQ.Socket socket = context.socket(ZMQ.REQ);
        socket.connect ("tcp://localhost:5555");
 
        for(int requestNbr = 0; requestNbr != 10; requestNbr++) {
            String request = "Hello" ;
            System.out.println("Sending Hello " + requestNbr );
            socket.send(request.getBytes (), 0);
 
            byte[] reply = socket.recv(0);
            System.out.println("Received " + new String (reply) + " " + requestNbr);
        }
 
        socket.close();
        context.term();
 
    }
 
}

Now that you have the sample code, how do you compile using the ZeroMQ?

Assumption: You have installed Java (1.7 or above)

Step-1: Installing ZeroMQ onto CentOS [Following steps are performed under root account]

  1. Install “Development Tools” if it’s not already installed on your CentOS as root:  yum groupinstall “Development Tools”
  2. Download the “POSIX tarball”  ZeroMQ source code onto your CentOS development machine from here. At the time of writing this article, ZeroMQ version 3.2.3 was the stable release. You might want to download the latest stable release.
  3. Unpack the .tar.gz source archive.
  4. Run ./configure, followed by “make” then “make install“.
  5. Run ldconfig after installation.

Step-2: Installing a Language Binding for Java. In this case, we will use JZMQ from https://github.com/zeromq/jzmq

  1. Download the latest stable release from GITHub link above. (git clone git://github.com/zeromq/jzmq.git)
  2. Change directory, cd jzmq
  3. Compile and Install:
    1 2 3 4 ./autogen.sh ./configure make make install
  4. Where did it install?
    1 2 # JAR is located here: /usr/local/share/java/zmq.jar # .so link files are located here: /usr/local/lib
  5. Important Step: Add /usr/local/lib to a line in /etc/ld.so.conf (here is my copy after editing)
    1 2 include ld.so.conf.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib
  6. Reload “ldconfig“. This clears the cache.

Step-3: Compile and run the Java examples above.

cd ~/dev/zeromq/example/
# Compile hwserver.java
javac -classpath  /usr/local/share/java/zmq.jar ./zmq/hwserver.java
# Compile hwclient.java
javac -classpath  /usr/local/share/java/zmq.jar ./zmq/hwclient.java
# Run hwserver in a separate prompt
java -classpath .: /usr/local/share/java/zmq.jar -Djava.library.path=/usr/local/lib zmq.hwserver
# Run hwclient in a seperate prompt
java -classpath .:/usr/local/share/java/zmq.jar -Djava.library.path=/usr/local/lib zmq.hwclient

Output on the hwserver console:

Received Hello
Received Hello
Received Hello
Received Hello
Received Hello
Received Hello
Received Hello
Received Hello
Received Hello
Received Hello

output on the hwclient console:

Connecting to hello world server
Sending Hello 0
Received World 0
Sending Hello 1
Received World 1
Sending Hello 2
Received World 2
Sending Hello 3
Received World 3
Sending Hello 4
Received World 4
Sending Hello 5
Received World 5
Sending Hello 6
Received World 6
Sending Hello 7
Received World 7
Sending Hello 8
Received World 8
Sending Hello 9
Received World 9

Few interesting points to note are as follows:

  • What happens if you started the client first and then the server? Well, the client waits until the server becomes available (or in other words, until some process connects to socket port 5555) and then sends the message. When you say socket.send(…), ZeroMQ actually enqueues a message to be sent later by a dedicated communication thread and this thread waits until a bind on port 5555 happens by “server”.
  • Also observe that the “server” is doing the connecting, and the “client” is doing the binding.

What is ZeroMQ (ØMQ)?

(Excerpt from the ZeroMQ website!)

ØMQ (also seen as ZeroMQ, 0MQ, zmq) looks like an embeddable networking library but acts like a concurrency framework. It gives you sockets that carry atomic messages across various transports like in-process, inter-process, TCP, and multicast. You can connect sockets N-to-N with patterns like fanout, pub-sub, task distribution, and request-reply. It’s fast enough to be the fabric for clustered products. Its asynchronous I/O model gives you scalable multicore applications, built as asynchronous message-processing tasks. It has a score of language APIs and runs on most operating systems. ØMQ is from iMatix and is LGPLv3 open source.

Published at DZone with permission of Venkatt Guhesan, author and DZone MVB. (source)

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