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Sean Hull is a renowned author, speaker and advisor on MySQL & Oracle databases, web performance and scalability, EC2, Linux & Internet Architecture. He is the author of "Oracle & Open Source" O'Reilly, 2001, and speaks widely at conferences and forums. With 20 years of professional experience, he consults with large enterprises and startups in New York City and the San Francisco Bay Area. Sean is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 64 posts at DZone. You can read more from them at their website. View Full User Profile

Why Startups Need TechOps

11.01.2013
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I was at a talk recently on Node.js. Even if I’m not working with a technology directly, it’s exciting to see what’s out there, and Node.js is bringing some hyper fast performance to a certain category of web applications.

During the keynote, the speaker mentioned a service to deploy applications on. I can’t name names unfortunately but it was a cloud solution on top of which you could deploy your application. Go this route and you can do without an operations team. Avoid overhead of hiring ops, he claimed. And hey, then you can hire more developers!

To be fair I’ve heard much of the same thing at DBA or Linux conferences. I can’t count the number of stories that start with “what some idiot developer did that took down our production systems…”.

Yes, it seems Dev & Ops are still just a tad bit adversarial.


1. My little known origins as a developer

Many colleagues and clients I’ve met in the New York City startup industry know me primarily as an operations & scalability guy. I tune databases, infrastructure and components to make things lightening fast.

I spent my earliest years at university on the computer lab operations staff. We watched and managed, made sure level zero backups were taken care of, and moved the tapes. Directly after college, I started at a software firm. I did C++ GUI development on the Mac, using the toolbox libraries with Metrowerks Codewarrior. I built split windows, and scroll bars, and displayed rows of data with nice resizable columns. All this wasn’t built into the class library, so for a lot of it we needed to roll our own solution.

We always had a long list of features coming from the business units. I also fielded many support calls, often from the windows platform as the code there hadn’t been managed and built as carefully. But that too was instructive as you could feel the pain of customers day-to-day challenges. It also illustrated the tradeoffs between new code and features, and existing bug fixes and support.


2. A trip through the dot-com bubble as Oracle DBA

Through a circuitous path, I moved to New York in the mid-nineties and joined a startup. I had the opportunity to wear a lot of hats there, and apply my computer lab and Linux operating systems experience to the challenge of managed Oracle. I got a lot more involved with operations quick.

As the dot-com bubble grew, I saw a hot and growing demand for Oracle DBAs as most startups used Oracle, but the talent was in short supply. In one startup 80 million dollars was on the line as performance hobbled the website, and investors feared the worst.


3. Different priorities & mandates

I remember working at Starmedia a media darling at the time. I was analyzing the database & server systems, and finding some code & jobs running during peak daytime hours. Management claimed that could not be the case. Yet for the next days and weeks I saw the same jobs running. I held strong and spoke truth to power as they say. That’s not always easy when you have a lot of investors, screaming CTOs and 100+ hour weeks. But eventually the source of the job was located, and disabled. And the website returned to it’s speedy self.

These experiences though do underline in my mind the different priorities and focus that developers and operations staff have.

Techops, system administrators & DBAs are typically averse to change. They fight it tooth and nail. That isn’t because they like to be curmudgeons though. They are typically very concerned about the business, but from a dramatically different perspective of stability, and reliability, even at 2am in the morning. They are concerned about the longevity of data, consistency, and durability of it.

Developers on the other hand have a different mandate. They are responsible for new business features, solutions to business requirements. Rapid prototyping & reactive or agile is embraced because it means you can deliver quicker to the business.

Crucially, both of these folks care very much for the business. Just with very different priorities.


4. Can developers do operations for you?

In a lot of small startups, the initial phase is obviously on building a product. That’s the build phase, and not surprisingly you hire a lot of developers. As you should. But as you grow you may find the operational tasks that are defaulting to one or more developers are taking more and more of their time. As your customer base grows and you’ve seen your first few spikes, it’s time to start thinking about hiring for a real ops role.

In summary, yes they can, but perhaps not well.


5. Volume discount, made to order or instant coffee

You may choose to go with instant coffee, by bringing someone in-house. You may find the right talent is hard to find. I wrote about this: Why techops and DBAs are in short supply.

Alternatively you may prefer a volume discount from one of the larger remote DBA or managed support solutions such as Oracle’s, Pythian or Percona. These guys all provide great service, but keep in mind how big of a fish you are. You’ll likely work through a ticketing system, and in some cases different engineers will look at your systems at different times. You will likely need either a very hands-on technical CTO or other in-house person to take ownership, and manage things closely.

The third option is a made-to-order coffee. Yes you pay more for Toby’s, Blue Bottle, or Ninth Street Espresso but you get what you pay for as they say. A boutique shop or independent consultant will provide a lot more hand holding, help your internal staff get up to speed, and communicate intimately about the process. If you’re a more non-technical CTO, or you’re very busy running the business, this solution may make a lot of sense for you.



Published at DZone with permission of Sean Hull, author and DZone MVB. (source)

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