Nicolas Frankel is an IT consultant with 10 years experience in Java / JEE environments. He likes his job so much he writes technical articles on his blog and reviews technical books in his spare time. He also tries to find other geeks like him in universities, as a part-time lecturer. Nicolas is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 228 posts at DZone. You can read more from them at their website. View Full User Profile

Using GWT Widgets in Vaadin 7 - Part 2

06.11.2012
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In part 1 of Using GWT widgets, we've seen how to wrap a Vaadin component around a GWT widget so that we're able to manipulate on server-side components. For the time being, we are unable to configure the widget though. We're lacking a vital part in Vaadin-GWT teaming: the shared state.

Shared state is exactly what it means, a placeholder for both server component and client widget to share the same information. In our Bootstrap example, it will enable us to set the text shown in our brand-new BootstrapButton instances. Of course, other attributes can be configured by following the same path.

First thing first, we have to create a BootstrapButtonState class extending ComponentState. That class has to be located in the same package as the connector (see part 1 for a quick refresher on the connector if the need be). The next step is to add the relevant property.

public class BootstrapButtonState extends ComponentState {

    private String text = "";

    public String getText() {

        return text;
    }

    public void setText(String text) {

        this.text = text;
    }
}

Since connectors are listeners of change state events, we now need to override its onStateChanged() method.

public void onStateChanged(StateChangeEvent stateChangeEvent) {

    super.onStateChanged(stateChangeEvent);

    BootstrapButtonState state = getState();

    VBootstrapButton button = getWidget();

    button.setText(state.getText());
}

Notice we also have overriden getWidget() and getState() to return the adequate type for our Bootstrap button (code not shown).

The final step is to bridge the server component to the shared state.

public class BootstrapButton extends AbstractComponent {

    public BootstrapButton(String caption) {

        setText(caption);
        setImmediate(true); // It's a button!
    }

    @Override
    public BootstrapButtonState getState() {

        return (BootstrapButtonState) super.getState();
    }

    public String getText() {

        return getState().getText();
    }

    public void setText(String text) {

        getState().setText(text);

        requestRepaint();
    }
}

Note the requestRepaint() is mandatory to mark the state as changed.

That's it: we have managed to change the button's text from the server code! From this point on, we can also configure both style and size to be able to mix and match between all attributes. Sources for this article can be found on GitHub.

In the final part of this serie, we'll look at how to send client events to the server.

Published at DZone with permission of Nicolas Frankel, author and DZone MVB.

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