Gordon Dickens is an instructor, mentor & consultant. Gordon is currently architecting and teaching several official SpringSource courses and actively tweets about open source technology at http://twitter.com/gdickens. Gordon is active within the Spring Framework community focussed on: Spring training, Spring Roo, Spring Integration, Spring Batch and Eclipse Virgo OSGi projects. Gordon is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 39 posts at DZone. You can read more from them at their website. View Full User Profile

Sending Beans as XML with JmsTemplate

02.08.2011
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We often want to send XML via web services. We may already have the schema or annotated JAXB2 classes configured in our application. What if we want to send the same format via JMS? By default Spring JMS is configured to send & receive objects serialized. How can we switch to using JAXB2 (or any other OXM marshaling strategy)?


The following example assumes we are going from annotations first instead of from XML Schema.

Quick Overview

  1. Annotate Bean with JAXB2
  2. Configure OXM Converter
  3. Integration Test
  4. Visualize Results
  5. Logging Configuration
  6. Maven Configuration

1. Annotate Bean with JAXB2

  • Use JAXB2 annotations for our bean
package com.gordondickens.jmswithoxm;

import java.math.BigDecimal;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAccessType;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAccessorType;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlElement;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlRootElement;

@XmlRootElement(name = "account")
@XmlAccessorType(XmlAccessType.FIELD)
public class Account {
@XmlElement(required = true)
private String name;

@XmlElement
private String description;

@XmlElement
private BigDecimal balance;

public String getName() {
return name;
}

public void setName(String name) {
this.name = name;
}

public String getDescription() {
return description;
}

public void setDescription(String description) {
this.description = description;
}

public BigDecimal getBalance() {
return balance;
}

public void setBalance(BigDecimal balance) {
this.balance = balance;
}

@Override
public String toString() {
return "Account [name=" + name + ", description=" + description
+ ", balance=" + balance + "]";
}
}

 2. Configure OXM Converter

  • Define our Marshalers – We see <oxm:jaxb2-marshaller ...> defines JAXB2 as our marshaller for the Account class
  • Register our MarshallingMessageConverter – We register the MarshallingMessageConverter to use the JAXB2 marshaller for both inbound and outbound data
  • Register our Converter – In the JmsTemplate, we register our oxmMessageConverter as the messageConverter. This replaces the default SimpleMessageConverter which will relies on Serialization
  • Notice the ActiveMQ namespace?

 

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:amq="http://activemq.apache.org/schema/core" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:oxm="http://www.springframework.org/schema/oxm"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/oxm http://www.springframework.org/schema/oxm/spring-oxm-3.0.xsd
http://activemq.apache.org/schema/core http://activemq.apache.org/schema/core/activemq-core-5.4.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

<amq:broker persistent="false" useJmx="true">
<amq:transportConnectors>
<amq:transportConnector uri="tcp://localhost:61616" />
</amq:transportConnectors>
</amq:broker>

<amq:connectionFactory brokerURL="vm://localhost" id="jmsFactory" />

<!-- Spring JMS Template -->
<bean id="jmsTemplate" class="org.springframework.jms.core.JmsTemplate">
<property name="connectionFactory" ref="jmsFactory" />
<property name="defaultDestination" ref="oxmTestQueue" />
<property name="messageConverter" ref="oxmMessageConverter" />
</bean>

<amq:queue id="oxmTestQueue" physicalName="oxm.test.queue" />

<bean id="oxmMessageConverter"
class="org.springframework.jms.support.converter.MarshallingMessageConverter">
<property name="marshaller" ref="marshaller" />
<property name="unmarshaller" ref="marshaller" />
</bean>

<oxm:jaxb2-marshaller id="marshaller">
<oxm:class-to-be-bound name="com.gordondickens.jmswithoxm.Account" />
</oxm:jaxb2-marshaller>
</beans>

 

3. Integration Test

  • Populate the Account bean
  • Calls convertAndSend on the JmsTemplate to marshal & send the Account
  • Includes a postProcessor callback to log the XML data
  • Calls receiveAndConvert on the JmsTemplate to get & unmarshal the Account
  • Asserts end state
?
package com.gordondickens.jmswithoxm;

import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertNotNull;
import java.math.BigDecimal;
import javax.jms.BytesMessage;
import javax.jms.JMSException;
import javax.jms.Message;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.jms.core.JmsTemplate;
import org.springframework.jms.core.MessagePostProcessor;
import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration
public class JmsWithOxmTest {
private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory
.getLogger(JunitWithOxmTest.class);
private static final String TEST_DEST = "oxmTestQueue";

@Autowired
JmsTemplate jmsTemplate;

@Test
public void testSendingMessage() {
Account account = generateTestMessage();
jmsTemplate.convertAndSend(TEST_DEST, account,
new MessagePostProcessor() {
@Override
public Message postProcessMessage(Message message)
throws JMSException {
if (message instanceof BytesMessage) {
BytesMessage messageBody = (BytesMessage) message;
// message is in write mode, close & reset to start
// of byte stream
messageBody.reset();

Long length = messageBody.getBodyLength();
logger.debug("***** MESSAGE LENGTH is {} bytes",
length);
byte[] byteMyMessage = new byte[length.intValue()];
int red = messageBody.readBytes(byteMyMessage);
logger.debug(
"***** SENDING MESSAGE - \n<!-- MSG START -->\n{}\n<!-- MSG END -->",
new String(byteMyMessage));
}
return message;
}
});
Account account2 = (Account) jmsTemplate.receiveAndConvert(TEST_DEST);
assertNotNull("Account MUST return from JMS", account2);
assertEquals("Name MUST match", account.getName(), account2.getName());
assertEquals("Description MUST match", account.getDescription(),
account2.getDescription());
assertEquals("Balance MUST match", account.getBalance(),
account2.getBalance());
}

private Account generateTestMessage() {
Account account = new Account();
account.setBalance(new BigDecimal(12345.67));
account.setDescription("A no account varmint");
account.setName("Waskally Wabbit");
logger.debug("Generated Test Message: " + account.toString());
return account;
}
}

 4. Visualizing Results

  • Run: mvn clean test
  • See Account XML between the block <!-- MSG START --> & <!--MSG END -->
  • Output has been Formatted for clarity
-------------------------------------------------------
T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
Running com.gordondickens.jmswithoxm.JmsWithOxmTest

INFO o.s.o.j.Jaxb2Marshaller - Creating JAXBContext
with classes to be bound [class com.gordondickens.jmswithoxm.Account]

DEBUG c.g.j.JmsWithOxmTest - Generated Test Message:
Account [name=Waskally Wabbit, description=A no account
varmint, balance=12345.670000000000072759576141834259033203125]

DEBUG o.s.j.c.JmsTemplate - Executing callback on JMS Session:
ActiveMQSession {id=ID:Technophiliac-61135-1296856347600-2:1:1,started=false}

DEBUG c.g.j.JmsWithOxmTest - ***** MESSAGE LENGTH is 213 bytes

DEBUG c.g.j.JmsWithOxmTest - ***** SENDING MESSAGE -
<!-- MSG START -->
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<account>
<name>Waskally Wabbit</name>
<description>A no account varmint</description>
<balance>12345.670000000000072759576141834259033203125</balance>
</account>
<!-- MSG END -->

DEBUG o.s.j.c.JmsTemplate - Sending created message:
ActiveMQBytesMessage {commandId = 0, responseRequired = false, messageId = null, originalDestination = null, originalTransactionId = null, producerId = null, destination = null, transactionId = null, expiration = 0, timestamp = 0, arrival = 0, brokerInTime = 0, brokerOutTime = 0, correlationId = null, replyTo = null, persistent = false, type = null, priority = 0, groupID = null, groupSequence = 0, targetConsumerId = null, compressed = false, userID = null, content = org.apache.activemq.util.ByteSequence@b364dcb, marshalledProperties = null, dataStructure = null, redeliveryCounter = 0, size = 0, properties = null, readOnlyProperties = false, readOnlyBody = true, droppable = false} ActiveMQBytesMessage{ bytesOut = null, dataOut = null, dataIn = java.io.DataInputStream@1a2d502d }

DEBUG o.s.j.c.JmsTemplate - Executing callback on JMS Session:
ActiveMQSession {id=ID:Technophiliac-61135-1296856347600-2:2:1,started=true}

Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 2.276 sec

 

5. Logging Configuration

<configuration>
<appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
<encoder class="ch.qos.logback.classic.encoder.PatternLayoutEncoder">
<pattern>%-5level %logger{5} - %msg%n</pattern>
</encoder>
</appender>

<logger name="com.gordondickens" level="DEBUG" />
<logger name="org.springframework.jms" level="DEBUG" />
<logger name="org.springframework.oxm" level="DEBUG" />
<!--<logger name="org.apache.activemq" level="DEBUG"/> -->

<root level="WARN">
<appender-ref ref="STDOUT" />
</root>
</configuration>

 6. Maven Configuration

  • Using Logback to support Log4J, SLF4J, Apache (JCL) & Java Util Logging
  • Included IDE builders for STS/Eclipse & IntelliJ IDEA
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<groupId>com.gordondickens.jmswithoxm</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-jms-oxm</artifactId>
<version>1.0.0.CI-SNAPSHOT</version>
<packaging>jar</packaging>
<name>JMS to OXM Spring</name>
<url>http://gordondickens.com</url>
<description>Sample JMS with OXM Message Conversion</description>
<developers>
<developer>
<id>gordon.dickens</id>
<name>Gordon Dickens</name>
<email>gordondickens@gmail.com</email>
<roles>
<role>Author</role>
</roles>
<organization>http://www.gordondickens.com</organization>
</developer>
</developers>

<properties>
<spring.version>3.0.5.RELEASE</spring.version>
<junit.version>4.8.1</junit.version>
<jms.version>1.1.1</jms.version>
<slf4j.version>1.6.1</slf4j.version>
<activemq.version>5.4.2</activemq.version>
<logback.version>0.9.27</logback.version>
<log4j.version>1.2.16</log4j.version>
<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
<maven.test.failure.ignore>false</maven.test.failure.ignore>
</properties>
<profiles>
<profile>
<id>quick</id>
<properties>
<maven.test.failure.ignore>true</maven.test.failure.ignore>
</properties>
</profile>
</profiles>

<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>junit</groupId>
<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
<version>${junit.version}</version>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>log4j</groupId>
<artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
<version>${log4j.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
<artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
<version>${slf4j.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
<artifactId>jcl-over-slf4j</artifactId>
<version>${slf4j.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
<artifactId>jul-to-slf4j</artifactId>
<version>${slf4j.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
<artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
<version>${logback.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
<artifactId>logback-core</artifactId>
<version>${logback.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
<artifactId>logback-access</artifactId>
<version>${logback.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
<version>${spring.version}</version>
<exclusions>
<exclusion>
<groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
<artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
</exclusion>
</exclusions>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
<version>${spring.version}</version>
<scope>test</scope>
<exclusions>
<exclusion>
<groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
<artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
</exclusion>
</exclusions>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.activemq</groupId>
<artifactId>activemq-core</artifactId>
<version>${activemq.version}</version>
<exclusions>
<exclusion>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
</exclusion>
<exclusion>
<groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
<artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
</exclusion>
<exclusion>
<groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
<artifactId>commons-logging-api</artifactId>
</exclusion>
</exclusions>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.xbean</groupId>
<artifactId>xbean-spring</artifactId>
<version>3.7</version>
<exclusions>
<exclusion>
<groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
<artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
</exclusion>
</exclusions>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
<version>${spring.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-jms</artifactId>
<version>${spring.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-oxm</artifactId>
<version>${spring.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>javax.xml.bind</groupId>
<artifactId>jaxb-api</artifactId>
<version>2.2.2</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.geronimo.specs</groupId>
<artifactId>geronimo-jms_1.1_spec</artifactId>
<version>${jms.version}</version>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
<version>2.7.1</version>
</plugin>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-eclipse-plugin</artifactId>
<version>2.8</version>
<configuration>
<downloadSources>true</downloadSources>
<downloadJavadocs>true</downloadJavadocs>
<wtpversion>2.0</wtpversion>
<additionalBuildcommands>
<buildCommand>
<name>org.springframework.ide.eclipse.core.springbuilder</name>
</buildCommand>
</additionalBuildcommands>
<additionalProjectnatures>
<projectnature>org.springframework.ide.eclipse.core.springnature</projectnature>
</additionalProjectnatures>
</configuration>
</plugin>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
<version>2.3.2</version>
<configuration>
<source>1.6</source>
<target>1.6</target>
</configuration>
</plugin>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-idea-plugin</artifactId>
<version>2.2</version>
<configuration>
<downloadSources>true</downloadSources>
<downloadJavadocs>true</downloadJavadocs>
<dependenciesAsLibraries>true</dependenciesAsLibraries>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>
</project>

 6. Getting the code

 Further Reading

From http://gordondickens.com/wordpress/2011/02/07/sending-beans-as-xml-with-jmstemplate/

Published at DZone with permission of Gordon Dickens, author and DZone MVB.

(Note: Opinions expressed in this article and its replies are the opinions of their respective authors and not those of DZone, Inc.)

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Comments

Gordon Dickens replied on Wed, 2011/02/09 - 11:59am

Summary



Using Spring, it is very easy to configure projects to send/receive data from XML formatted beans. This simplification allows us to focus on the message payload using Spring JMS. If our solution was to serialize the data, the default JMS message conversion would suffice.

This implementation focussed on annotated JAXB2 beans without an XML schema. Many projects have existing XML schema, and with Spring JMS this is not difficult to configure. Even though the example above focussed on JAXB2 as our marshaling strategy, we could have chosen others such as JiBX, XMLBeans, XStream, Castor with relative ease.

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