Venkatt Guhesan has been an Enterprise Java Architect with over 15 years of software development experience living and working in the Baltimore, Maryland area. Enjoys developing in Java, Scala, Groovy, Python, Ruby, Cold Fusion and Perl. Strong supporter of open source technologies including Linux and Apache Foundation. Venkatt is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 12 posts at DZone. View Full User Profile

Not all Tomcat 6 classloaders must be equal

07.02.2011
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Today, while doing some Grails development I came across a peculiar issue that perplexed me and I’m documenting it for all others to benefit. (Also see my other blog from today for the issue that started this journey).

Here are my specifications:

Development Machine

  • Windows-7, 64-bit
  • java version “1.6.0_24″
    Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0_24-b07)
    Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 19.1-b02, mixed mode)
  • Grails 1.4.0.M1
  • Tomcat – apache-tomcat64-6.0.32

Local Deployment Server

  • Windows Vista, 32-bit
  • java version “1.6.0_26″
    Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0_26-b03)
    Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 20.1-b02, mixed mode, sharing)
  • Grails (does not matter since I’ll be deploying a WAR)
  • Tomcat – apache-tomcat-6.0.32 (32-bit version of Tomcat)

Since the issue we are taking about deals with Grails, let’s get into he details of how I ended up with the WAR. In Grails, I issued the following command:

grails war abcdefg.war

This creates a war file. When deployed under the 64-bit Tomcat, no issues. But when deployed under the 32-bit Tomcat. I was getting the

Jul 1, 2011 10:08:25 AM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext start
SEVERE: Error listenerStart

(See my previous article on how I enabled debugging to get to the root cause of the issue.)

But after some debugging, what it boiled down to was a “Class Cannot Be Found” error:

Jul 1, 2011 11:29:25 AM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext listenerStart
SEVERE: Error configuring application listener of class org.codehaus.groovy.grails.web.util.Log4jConfigListener
java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.codehaus.groovy.grails.web.util.Log4jConfigListener

In examining the war file, the JAR file named “grails-web-1.4.0.M1.jar” under the “/WEB-INF/lib” does not contain the needed “Log4jConfigListener” class under “grails-web-1.4.0.M1.jar\org\codehaus\groovy\grails\web\util\”

But clearly this class is inside this other JAR file named “grails-plugin-logging-1.4.0.M1.jar” under “\org\codehaus\groovy\grails\web\util\”.

And this identical war file works under the 64-bit Tomcat but not under the 32-bit Tomcat.

So how did I resolve the issue? I upgraded my 32-bit box to Tomcat 7.0 and this made it work. But clearly, there is an underlying issue with the class-loader under the 32-bit Tomcat 6.0.32.

Maybe someone reading this will have the answer to this issue.

Cheers!

 

From http://mythinkpond.wordpress.com/2011/07/01/not-all-tomcat-6-classloaders-must-be-equal/

Published at DZone with permission of Venkatt Guhesan, author and DZone MVB.

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