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Max Katz heads Developer Relations for Appery.io, a cloud-based mobile app platform. He loves trying out new and cool REST APIs in mobile apps. Max is the author of two books “Practical RichFaces” (Apress 2008, 2011), and is a frequent speaker at developer conferences. You can find out what Max is up to on his blog: mkblog.exadel.com and Twitter: @maxkatz. Max is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 84 posts at DZone. You can read more from them at their website. View Full User Profile

JBoss RichFaces with Spring

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Creating Custom Skins

If you open web.xml file, you will see the following entry that defines the current skin used in the application:


It's very easy to create a custom skin by changing just a few skin properties. Skinnability is just an extension to CSS that allows to change the look and feel of entire application by modifying a simple property file.

Create a new property file in JavaSource root, call it laguna-largefont.skin.properties (all skins have to follow this naming convention):


All we are doing is using the existing laguna skin and overwriting just two properties. Now just update skin in web.xml file:


Save, restart and run the application.
At this point save everything and run the application.
Learn how to change skins in runtime.

Switching to Spring Annotations

Using annotations instead off XML-base configurations is the fashionable thing in Java enterprise development today.  On a more serious note, both approaches are needed. I will leave it up to you to decide which to use and when. There are lots of resources on the Internet the deal with that question.

Using annotations does make it a little easier to develop the application you don't need to worry about XML files which can grow rather large. In this last section, we are going to use annotations instead of XML-based configuration.

First, open WEB-INF/spring-beans.xml and add the following tag to support annotations-based configuration:

<context:component-scan base-package="bar" />

base-package is the package from which Spring container will start looking for annotated classes.

Next we should comment (or delete) the XML-based bean configuration:

<bean id="barBean" class="bar.view.BarBean" scope="request">
<property name="orderService" >
<ref bean="service" />
<bean id="wizardBean" class="bar.view.WizardBean" scope="request">
<property name="startPage" value="/page1.xhtml"/>
<property name="orderService" >
<ref bean="service" />
<bean id="service" class="bar.service.Service" scope="session" />-->

Let's start with bar.service.Service bean:

We are going to annotate it as a Spring component:

@Scope ("session")
public class OrderService {

@Service is basically a specialization of @Component annotation and is better suited to annotate components that perform service-layer functionality.  @Scope annotation specified the scope into which this object will be placed. If we didn't specify a scope, the default scope would be Singleton which means there is just a once instance of this object in application which would also work in our case.

Next we need to annotate barBean and wizardBean classes. Both have identical annotations. Let's first start with BarBean

public class BarBean {

private OrderService orderService;

@Component registers the bean as a component with name specified in parenthesis. One last thing is that we have to inject the service component into this bean. This is done via @Autowired annotation. The annotation will inject a dependency based on type (@Qualified annotation can be used to to gain more control in case Spring context contains more than one object of the expected type).  

Finally, WizardBean looks similar:

public class WizardBean {

private OrderService orderService;

Well, we are done. Save and restart the server.


I'm hoping this example gave you a good idea of how to use RichFaces  with Spring. While it can still be considered “introductory”, we covered some core concepts and features. If you are just starting with RichFaces, I suggest first to try this example which uses standard JSF managed beans and then move to this one. For more RichFaces examples and tips, check out my blog at http://mkblog.exadel.com/

richfaces-spring-wizard.zip11.15 MB
Published at DZone with permission of Max Katz, author and DZone MVB.

(Note: Opinions expressed in this article and its replies are the opinions of their respective authors and not those of DZone, Inc.)


Aleksandar Vidakovic replied on Mon, 2009/02/16 - 6:04pm

Salut Max,

interesting article. I've been experimenting with Richfaces and Spring for a while and would be extremely interested in the SpringWebflow integration...



Frederic Chopard replied on Tue, 2009/02/17 - 9:57am

Hello Max,


I'm trying to build my richbar application but when I click on the next button of the first wizard page, nothing happens. So I'd like to check your project but I can't find any link in your article. Where can I download your project files ?

Thanks !



Nitin Bharti replied on Tue, 2009/02/17 - 10:19am in response to: Frederic Chopard

Hi Wis,

 I believe  you can download the project template from here -- http://drop.io/usoalrd

I will add this to the main article as well. Sorry about that.



Gene De Lisa replied on Wed, 2009/02/25 - 9:08am

"In the “real” world, you would probably use Maven 2, but, to keep things simple and concentrate on RichFaces and Spring, we are going to use a ready-made project."

maven projects are "ready-made" and they don't have the disadvantages of the approach you have taken.

Other than that this is nothing more a mediocre do this do that tutorial.

Omar Palomino S... replied on Sun, 2009/03/08 - 10:28pm in response to: Aleksandar Vidakovic

Hi Max and Aleksandar,

 I'm also interesting in Spring Webflow integration [navigation rules are cumbersome :s]. I have a couple of implementations with both RichFaces, Spring and Jpa, and it's fun and easy to develop this way. Webflow would be a nice addition to this project acthitecture.

Tao Dong replied on Fri, 2009/03/13 - 2:34pm

Excellent Article. In case someone want to try it through Maven. Hope the following dependecy setting will save you some time.


        <!-- JBoss RichFaces Repository -->
             <name>Jboss Repository for Maven</name>

Max Katz replied on Mon, 2009/03/16 - 10:53am in response to: Tao Dong

Thanks taod!

ben salem replied on Tue, 2009/03/17 - 6:44pm

First, thanks for the great work :)


<cite> (Note - The Project Template for this article can be downloaded from http://drop.io/usoalrd) </cite>

 what is the pass for download ?

thanks in advance!

Anderson Santos replied on Wed, 2009/03/18 - 9:28am

Hi Buddy,


This article is just great, I have been looking for a steb by step like this one, for at least a month.


I just couldn't download the template for this project, could you please send it by e-mail to me, that link where you say to click for download is broken and the one in the first page os this article, I just couldn't use...





Jean Chastain replied on Wed, 2009/03/18 - 4:27pm

I would like to download the code, too.  I've done everything you said to do and can't get it to deploy to JBoss and was wondering if you had some configuration you didn't tell us about.

sam set replied on Sat, 2009/03/21 - 12:01pm in response to: Jean Chastain

hi, it's been quite some time i am trying to make richfaces 3.3 work with spring 2.0 webflow. Can somebody tell me how to download the source code. I visited http://drop.io/usoalrd, it's asking for password. What am i suppose to enter there ?

or, can you send me through email ?

Appreciate your help!



Aseem Monga replied on Tue, 2009/03/31 - 7:59am

A very good introduction. Can someone provide the password for downloading the project template?

Juan Gonzales replied on Wed, 2009/04/01 - 7:03pm

A very good ...could you please send it by e-mail to me  password











Max Katz replied on Sat, 2009/04/11 - 11:47am

Link to download project template has been updated.

Davut Uysal replied on Fri, 2009/04/17 - 9:48am

Thanks Max. It was great article!

shantanu banerjee replied on Sat, 2009/04/25 - 1:36am

Hi Max, I am going through your article as we speak. You writing is always so to-the-point. I like it very much. However the zip file is not working. Can you check if you get the opportunity? Shantanu

Donovan Makund replied on Sun, 2009/04/26 - 3:11pm in response to: Max Katz

The zip file cannot be extracted once downloaded.

shantanu banerjee replied on Thu, 2009/04/30 - 1:57am

As Donovan has pointed out, the zip file can not be extracted once downloaded. Can anyone please send the proper template zip to shanroam@yahoo.com. I would be immensely greatful.

Max Katz replied on Tue, 2009/05/05 - 1:45pm

Let's try this file. Here is what you need to do:

Download the template

In Eclipse:

  1. Select File/Import/General/Existing Project into Workspase
  2. Click Next
  3. Check 'Select arhcive file' option and browse to downloaded file
  4. Follow the wizards steps

shantanu banerjee replied on Thu, 2009/05/07 - 8:08am

I somehow cannot download the file from the link that Max provided in the last post. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Max Katz replied on Tue, 2009/05/19 - 6:05pm in response to: shantanu banerjee

I'm not sure why the link is not working. Try this one: http://www.filedropper.com/richfaces-spring

Donovan Makund replied on Sat, 2009/06/06 - 11:48am

Hello Max, I was able to implement a prototype using Richfaces 3.3.1, Spring 2.5.5, JSF 1.2 with Spring managing all the beans. I am now trying to add Facelets 1.1.14 into the mix for template features. Have you tried this combination before?

Max Katz replied on Fri, 2009/06/12 - 11:18am in response to: Donovan Makund

If you look in my template, I used Facelets. So yes, you can (and should) use Facelets.

Mohsin Khan replied on Tue, 2009/06/16 - 2:30pm

Hi i am not able to run the application.Getting following exception javax.faces.FacesException: UIInclude component j_id10 could't include page with path at org.ajax4jsf.taglib.html.facelets.IncludeHandler.applyNextHandler(IncludeHandler.java:83) at com.sun.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentHandler.apply(ComponentHandler.java:169) at com.sun.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentHandler.applyNextHandler(ComponentHandler.java:314) at com.sun.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentHandler.apply(ComponentHandler.java:169) at com.sun.facelets.tag.CompositeFaceletHandler.apply(CompositeFaceletHandler.java:47) at com.sun.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentHandler.applyNextHandler(ComponentHandler.java Please help me Mohsin

Martin Haas replied on Mon, 2009/06/22 - 5:50am

None of the links above is working. Another source where I can download the project? The linked project is corrupt and all other links in the comments are broken.

Max Katz replied on Mon, 2009/06/22 - 3:26pm in response to: Mohsin Khan

Is this the full stack trace?

Max Katz replied on Mon, 2009/06/22 - 3:29pm in response to: Martin Haas

Let's try one more time: http://drop.io/pnbhzls

stu bilton replied on Thu, 2009/07/16 - 10:26am

Hi Max,

Firstly thanks for this article it's good to have a straigthforward example of using these frameworks together.

 I do have a problem running this on a was 6.1 instance. (However I don't think this is the issue here). I've placed the code into an existing webb app project to prove the spring framework can run in an existing richfaces / facelets implementation

 My stack trace on requesting http://localhost:9080/MyProjectName/start.jsf is as follows

java.io.NotSerializableException: bar.service.OrderService
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1113)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.defaultWriteFields(ObjectOutputStream.java:1467)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeSerialData(ObjectOutputStream.java:1439)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeOrdinaryObject(ObjectOutputStream.java:1382)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1111)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject(ObjectOutputStream.java:325)
at java.util.HashMap.writeObject(HashMap.java:1290)
at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor13.invoke(Unknown Source)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:618)
at java.io.ObjectStreamClass.invokeWriteObject(ObjectStreamClass.java:973)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeSerialData(ObjectOutputStream.java:1431)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeOrdinaryObject(ObjectOutputStream.java:1382)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1111)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeArray(ObjectOutputStream.java:1343)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1107)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeArray(ObjectOutputStream.java:1343)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1107)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeArray(ObjectOutputStream.java:1343)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1107)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeArray(ObjectOutputStream.java:1343)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1107)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeArray(ObjectOutputStream.java:1343)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1107)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject(ObjectOutputStream.java:325)
at com.sun.faces.renderkit.ResponseStateManagerImpl.writeState(ResponseStateManagerImpl.java:269)
at javax.faces.render.ResponseStateManager.writeState(ResponseStateManager.java:166)
at org.ajax4jsf.application.AjaxStateManager.writeState(AjaxStateManager.java:294)
at org.ajax4jsf.application.AjaxStateManager.writeState(AjaxStateManager.java:256)
at com.sun.facelets.FaceletViewHandler.renderView(FaceletViewHandler.java:606)
at org.ajax4jsf.application.ViewHandlerWrapper.renderView(ViewHandlerWrapper.java:100)
at org.ajax4jsf.application.AjaxViewHandler.renderView(AjaxViewHandler.java:176)
at com.sun.faces.lifecycle.RenderResponsePhase.execute(RenderResponsePhase.java:110)
at com.sun.faces.lifecycle.Phase.doPhase(Phase.java:100)
at com.sun.faces.lifecycle.LifecycleImpl.render(LifecycleImpl.java:139)
at javax.faces.webapp.FacesServlet.service(FacesServlet.java:266)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.servlet.ServletWrapper.service(ServletWrapper.java:1103)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.servlet.ServletWrapper.service(ServletWrapper.java:1038)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterChain.doFilter(WebAppFilterChain.java:145)
at org.ajax4jsf.webapp.BaseXMLFilter.doXmlFilter(BaseXMLFilter.java:178)
at org.ajax4jsf.webapp.BaseFilter.handleRequest(BaseFilter.java:290)
at org.ajax4jsf.webapp.BaseFilter.processUploadsAndHandleRequest(BaseFilter.java:390)
at org.ajax4jsf.webapp.BaseFilter.doFilter(BaseFilter.java:517)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.FilterInstanceWrapper.doFilter(FilterInstanceWrapper.java:190)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterChain.doFilter(WebAppFilterChain.java:130)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterChain._doFilter(WebAppFilterChain.java:87)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.doFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:834)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.doFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:682)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.servlet.ServletWrapper.handleRequest(ServletWrapper.java:566)
at com.ibm.ws.wswebcontainer.servlet.ServletWrapper.handleRequest(ServletWrapper.java:486)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebApp.handleRequest(WebApp.java:3440)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebGroup.handleRequest(WebGroup.java:267)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.WebContainer.handleRequest(WebContainer.java:815)
at com.ibm.ws.wswebcontainer.WebContainer.handleRequest(WebContainer.java:1461)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.channel.WCChannelLink.ready(WCChannelLink.java:118)
at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleDiscrimination(HttpInboundLink.java:458)
at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleNewInformation(HttpInboundLink.java:387)
at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.ready(HttpInboundLink.java:267)
at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.sendToDiscriminators(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:214)
at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.complete(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:113)
at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.AioReadCompletionListener.futureCompleted(AioReadCompletionListener.java:165)
at com.ibm.io.async.AbstractAsyncFuture.invokeCallback(AbstractAsyncFuture.java:217)
at com.ibm.io.async.AsyncChannelFuture.fireCompletionActions(AsyncChannelFuture.java:161)
at com.ibm.io.async.AsyncFuture.completed(AsyncFuture.java:136)
at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.complete(ResultHandler.java:195)
at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.runEventProcessingLoop(ResultHandler.java:743)
at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler$2.run(ResultHandler.java:873)
at com.ibm.ws.util.ThreadPool$Worker.run(ThreadPool.java:1473)


Do you have any idea why I'm getting a NotSerializeableException thrown when trying to instantiate this bean? (presumeably through Spring DI ?(I'm a newbie when it comes to jsf and spring))



Max Katz replied on Thu, 2009/07/16 - 10:47am

Not sure why you get this exception, the server is trying to save/restore the class from somewhere. Try adding implements java.io.Serializable to the class.

stu bilton replied on Thu, 2009/07/16 - 11:00am in response to: Max Katz

Thanks Max.

 I thought that might (and did) do the trick.  As a newbie just wondered if the stack trace might shed any light on why the exception was throwing.


Keep the articles coming . Thanks again


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