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Max Katz is a Senior Systems Engineer and Developer Advocate at Exadel. Max is a well-known speaker appearing at many conferences, webinars, and JUG meetings. Max leads Exadel’s RIA and mobile strategy. Part of this role is working as developer advocate for Tiggr Mobile Apps Builder (gotiggr.com), a cloud-based application for building mobile Web and native apps for any device. In addition, Max leads Exadel’s open source projects (exadel.org) such as Fiji, Flamingo, and JavaFX Plug-in for Eclipse. Max has been involved with RichFaces since its inception, publishing numerous articles, providing consulting and training, and authoring the book “Practical RichFaces” (Apress, 2008). Max also co-authored the DZone RichFaces 3 Refcard and the DZone RichFaces 4 Refcard. You can find Max’s writings about RIA and mobile technologies on his blog, mkblog.exadel.com, and you can find his thoughts about these topics and others on Twitter at @maxkatz. Max holds a Bachelor of Science in Computer Science from the University of California, Davis and an MBA from Golden Gate University. Max is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 64 posts at DZone. You can read more from them at their website. View Full User Profile

JBoss RichFaces with Spring

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Installing RichFaces

Installing RichFaces is very easy.

Download the latest RichFaces version from http://www.jboss.org/jbossrichfaces/ .

Add three RichFaces JAR files to your application WEB-INF/lib directory:

  • richfaces-api-X.X.X.jar,
  • richfaces-impl-X.X.X.jar,
  • richfaces-ui-X.X.X.jar

RichFaces also depends on the following libraries: commons-beanutils.jar, commons-collections.jar, commons-digester.jar, commons-logging.jar

As of the writing of this article, the latest RichFaces version is 3.3.0 .

Note: to use Hibernate Validation, additional JAR files are needed. The JAR files are included in the project. 

RichFaces Filter
Register the RichFaces filter in a web.xml file:

<display-name>Ajax4jsf Filter</display-name>
<servlet-name>Faces Servlet</servlet-name>


Optionally, to use one of the existing skins, add the following:


Note: new skins such as laguna, glassX and darkX are available in their own separate JAR files.

Page Setup

If you are using Facelets, then add this to your page:


Just in case you are still stuck with JSPs, you would then add this to your pages:

<%@ taglib uri="http://richfaces.org/a4j" prefix="a4j"%>
<%@ taglib uri="http://richfaces.org/rich" prefix="rich"%>

A little bit further in this article, I have created a ready-to-use Eclipse project with RichFaces and Spring already configured. We are going to import the project into Eclipse and then start development. In the “real” world, you would probably use Maven 2, but, to keep things simple and concentrate on RichFaces and Spring, we are going to use a ready-made project.


Not to repeat what has been said about Spring in numerous great articles and other resources, I will not list every Spring feature. You can find numerous resources on the Internet.  Simply stated, Spring is a framework that greatly simplifies enterprise Java development.

The part that's of interest to us here is Spring beans and injection of control (there's a great article on it here ). Spring is often a great candidate for a middle tier in a Web application. While JSF offers us managed beans and basic dependency injection, Spring's dependency injection is much more powerful. Why use two containers (JSF and Spring) to manage beans when you can use just one?

As I mentioned at the beginning, I will show you two ways to configure Spring beans. One is XML-based and the other is annotation-based. Even the XML-based configuration significantly reduces the amount of XML you have to write compared to the XML configuration of JSF managed beans.

richfaces-spring-wizard.zip11.15 MB
Published at DZone with permission of Max Katz, author and DZone MVB.

(Note: Opinions expressed in this article and its replies are the opinions of their respective authors and not those of DZone, Inc.)


Aleksandar Vidakovic replied on Mon, 2009/02/16 - 6:04pm

Salut Max,

interesting article. I've been experimenting with Richfaces and Spring for a while and would be extremely interested in the SpringWebflow integration...



Frederic Chopard replied on Tue, 2009/02/17 - 9:57am

Hello Max,


I'm trying to build my richbar application but when I click on the next button of the first wizard page, nothing happens. So I'd like to check your project but I can't find any link in your article. Where can I download your project files ?

Thanks !



Nitin Bharti replied on Tue, 2009/02/17 - 10:19am in response to: Frederic Chopard

Hi Wis,

 I believe  you can download the project template from here -- http://drop.io/usoalrd

I will add this to the main article as well. Sorry about that.



Gene De Lisa replied on Wed, 2009/02/25 - 9:08am

"In the “real” world, you would probably use Maven 2, but, to keep things simple and concentrate on RichFaces and Spring, we are going to use a ready-made project."

maven projects are "ready-made" and they don't have the disadvantages of the approach you have taken.

Other than that this is nothing more a mediocre do this do that tutorial.

Omar Palomino S... replied on Sun, 2009/03/08 - 10:28pm in response to: Aleksandar Vidakovic

Hi Max and Aleksandar,

 I'm also interesting in Spring Webflow integration [navigation rules are cumbersome :s]. I have a couple of implementations with both RichFaces, Spring and Jpa, and it's fun and easy to develop this way. Webflow would be a nice addition to this project acthitecture.

Tao Dong replied on Fri, 2009/03/13 - 2:34pm

Excellent Article. In case someone want to try it through Maven. Hope the following dependecy setting will save you some time.


        <!-- JBoss RichFaces Repository -->
             <name>Jboss Repository for Maven</name>

Max Katz replied on Mon, 2009/03/16 - 10:53am in response to: Tao Dong

Thanks taod!

ben salem replied on Tue, 2009/03/17 - 6:44pm

First, thanks for the great work :)


<cite> (Note - The Project Template for this article can be downloaded from http://drop.io/usoalrd) </cite>

 what is the pass for download ?

thanks in advance!

Anderson Santos replied on Wed, 2009/03/18 - 9:28am

Hi Buddy,


This article is just great, I have been looking for a steb by step like this one, for at least a month.


I just couldn't download the template for this project, could you please send it by e-mail to me, that link where you say to click for download is broken and the one in the first page os this article, I just couldn't use...





Jean Chastain replied on Wed, 2009/03/18 - 4:27pm

I would like to download the code, too.  I've done everything you said to do and can't get it to deploy to JBoss and was wondering if you had some configuration you didn't tell us about.

sam set replied on Sat, 2009/03/21 - 12:01pm in response to: Jean Chastain

hi, it's been quite some time i am trying to make richfaces 3.3 work with spring 2.0 webflow. Can somebody tell me how to download the source code. I visited http://drop.io/usoalrd, it's asking for password. What am i suppose to enter there ?

or, can you send me through email ?

Appreciate your help!



Aseem Monga replied on Tue, 2009/03/31 - 7:59am

A very good introduction. Can someone provide the password for downloading the project template?

Juan Gonzales replied on Wed, 2009/04/01 - 7:03pm

A very good ...could you please send it by e-mail to me  password











Max Katz replied on Sat, 2009/04/11 - 11:47am

Link to download project template has been updated.

Davut Uysal replied on Fri, 2009/04/17 - 9:48am

Thanks Max. It was great article!

shantanu banerjee replied on Sat, 2009/04/25 - 1:36am

Hi Max, I am going through your article as we speak. You writing is always so to-the-point. I like it very much. However the zip file is not working. Can you check if you get the opportunity? Shantanu

Donovan Makund replied on Sun, 2009/04/26 - 3:11pm in response to: Max Katz

The zip file cannot be extracted once downloaded.

shantanu banerjee replied on Thu, 2009/04/30 - 1:57am

As Donovan has pointed out, the zip file can not be extracted once downloaded. Can anyone please send the proper template zip to shanroam@yahoo.com. I would be immensely greatful.

Max Katz replied on Tue, 2009/05/05 - 1:45pm

Let's try this file. Here is what you need to do:

Download the template

In Eclipse:

  1. Select File/Import/General/Existing Project into Workspase
  2. Click Next
  3. Check 'Select arhcive file' option and browse to downloaded file
  4. Follow the wizards steps

shantanu banerjee replied on Thu, 2009/05/07 - 8:08am

I somehow cannot download the file from the link that Max provided in the last post. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Max Katz replied on Tue, 2009/05/19 - 6:05pm in response to: shantanu banerjee

I'm not sure why the link is not working. Try this one: http://www.filedropper.com/richfaces-spring

Donovan Makund replied on Sat, 2009/06/06 - 11:48am

Hello Max, I was able to implement a prototype using Richfaces 3.3.1, Spring 2.5.5, JSF 1.2 with Spring managing all the beans. I am now trying to add Facelets 1.1.14 into the mix for template features. Have you tried this combination before?

Max Katz replied on Fri, 2009/06/12 - 11:18am in response to: Donovan Makund

If you look in my template, I used Facelets. So yes, you can (and should) use Facelets.

Mohsin Khan replied on Tue, 2009/06/16 - 2:30pm

Hi i am not able to run the application.Getting following exception javax.faces.FacesException: UIInclude component j_id10 could't include page with path at org.ajax4jsf.taglib.html.facelets.IncludeHandler.applyNextHandler(IncludeHandler.java:83) at com.sun.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentHandler.apply(ComponentHandler.java:169) at com.sun.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentHandler.applyNextHandler(ComponentHandler.java:314) at com.sun.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentHandler.apply(ComponentHandler.java:169) at com.sun.facelets.tag.CompositeFaceletHandler.apply(CompositeFaceletHandler.java:47) at com.sun.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentHandler.applyNextHandler(ComponentHandler.java Please help me Mohsin

Martin Haas replied on Mon, 2009/06/22 - 5:50am

None of the links above is working. Another source where I can download the project? The linked project is corrupt and all other links in the comments are broken.

Max Katz replied on Mon, 2009/06/22 - 3:26pm in response to: Mohsin Khan

Is this the full stack trace?

Max Katz replied on Mon, 2009/06/22 - 3:29pm in response to: Martin Haas

Let's try one more time: http://drop.io/pnbhzls

stu bilton replied on Thu, 2009/07/16 - 10:26am

Hi Max,

Firstly thanks for this article it's good to have a straigthforward example of using these frameworks together.

 I do have a problem running this on a was 6.1 instance. (However I don't think this is the issue here). I've placed the code into an existing webb app project to prove the spring framework can run in an existing richfaces / facelets implementation

 My stack trace on requesting http://localhost:9080/MyProjectName/start.jsf is as follows

java.io.NotSerializableException: bar.service.OrderService
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1113)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.defaultWriteFields(ObjectOutputStream.java:1467)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeSerialData(ObjectOutputStream.java:1439)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeOrdinaryObject(ObjectOutputStream.java:1382)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1111)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject(ObjectOutputStream.java:325)
at java.util.HashMap.writeObject(HashMap.java:1290)
at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor13.invoke(Unknown Source)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:618)
at java.io.ObjectStreamClass.invokeWriteObject(ObjectStreamClass.java:973)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeSerialData(ObjectOutputStream.java:1431)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeOrdinaryObject(ObjectOutputStream.java:1382)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1111)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeArray(ObjectOutputStream.java:1343)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1107)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeArray(ObjectOutputStream.java:1343)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1107)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeArray(ObjectOutputStream.java:1343)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1107)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeArray(ObjectOutputStream.java:1343)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1107)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeArray(ObjectOutputStream.java:1343)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1107)
at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject(ObjectOutputStream.java:325)
at com.sun.faces.renderkit.ResponseStateManagerImpl.writeState(ResponseStateManagerImpl.java:269)
at javax.faces.render.ResponseStateManager.writeState(ResponseStateManager.java:166)
at org.ajax4jsf.application.AjaxStateManager.writeState(AjaxStateManager.java:294)
at org.ajax4jsf.application.AjaxStateManager.writeState(AjaxStateManager.java:256)
at com.sun.facelets.FaceletViewHandler.renderView(FaceletViewHandler.java:606)
at org.ajax4jsf.application.ViewHandlerWrapper.renderView(ViewHandlerWrapper.java:100)
at org.ajax4jsf.application.AjaxViewHandler.renderView(AjaxViewHandler.java:176)
at com.sun.faces.lifecycle.RenderResponsePhase.execute(RenderResponsePhase.java:110)
at com.sun.faces.lifecycle.Phase.doPhase(Phase.java:100)
at com.sun.faces.lifecycle.LifecycleImpl.render(LifecycleImpl.java:139)
at javax.faces.webapp.FacesServlet.service(FacesServlet.java:266)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.servlet.ServletWrapper.service(ServletWrapper.java:1103)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.servlet.ServletWrapper.service(ServletWrapper.java:1038)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterChain.doFilter(WebAppFilterChain.java:145)
at org.ajax4jsf.webapp.BaseXMLFilter.doXmlFilter(BaseXMLFilter.java:178)
at org.ajax4jsf.webapp.BaseFilter.handleRequest(BaseFilter.java:290)
at org.ajax4jsf.webapp.BaseFilter.processUploadsAndHandleRequest(BaseFilter.java:390)
at org.ajax4jsf.webapp.BaseFilter.doFilter(BaseFilter.java:517)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.FilterInstanceWrapper.doFilter(FilterInstanceWrapper.java:190)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterChain.doFilter(WebAppFilterChain.java:130)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterChain._doFilter(WebAppFilterChain.java:87)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.doFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:834)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.doFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:682)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.servlet.ServletWrapper.handleRequest(ServletWrapper.java:566)
at com.ibm.ws.wswebcontainer.servlet.ServletWrapper.handleRequest(ServletWrapper.java:486)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebApp.handleRequest(WebApp.java:3440)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebGroup.handleRequest(WebGroup.java:267)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.WebContainer.handleRequest(WebContainer.java:815)
at com.ibm.ws.wswebcontainer.WebContainer.handleRequest(WebContainer.java:1461)
at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.channel.WCChannelLink.ready(WCChannelLink.java:118)
at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleDiscrimination(HttpInboundLink.java:458)
at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleNewInformation(HttpInboundLink.java:387)
at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.ready(HttpInboundLink.java:267)
at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.sendToDiscriminators(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:214)
at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.complete(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:113)
at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.AioReadCompletionListener.futureCompleted(AioReadCompletionListener.java:165)
at com.ibm.io.async.AbstractAsyncFuture.invokeCallback(AbstractAsyncFuture.java:217)
at com.ibm.io.async.AsyncChannelFuture.fireCompletionActions(AsyncChannelFuture.java:161)
at com.ibm.io.async.AsyncFuture.completed(AsyncFuture.java:136)
at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.complete(ResultHandler.java:195)
at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.runEventProcessingLoop(ResultHandler.java:743)
at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler$2.run(ResultHandler.java:873)
at com.ibm.ws.util.ThreadPool$Worker.run(ThreadPool.java:1473)


Do you have any idea why I'm getting a NotSerializeableException thrown when trying to instantiate this bean? (presumeably through Spring DI ?(I'm a newbie when it comes to jsf and spring))



Max Katz replied on Thu, 2009/07/16 - 10:47am

Not sure why you get this exception, the server is trying to save/restore the class from somewhere. Try adding implements java.io.Serializable to the class.

stu bilton replied on Thu, 2009/07/16 - 11:00am in response to: Max Katz

Thanks Max.

 I thought that might (and did) do the trick.  As a newbie just wondered if the stack trace might shed any light on why the exception was throwing.


Keep the articles coming . Thanks again


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