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The Hidden Treasure of Quartz Scheduler Plugins

04.08.2012
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Although briefly described in the official documentation, I believe Quartz plugins aren't known enough, looking at how useful they are.

Essentially plugins in Quartz are convenient classes wrapping registration of underlying listeners. You are free to write your own plugins but we will focus on existing ones shipped with Quartz.
LoggingTriggerHistoryPlugin

First some background. Two main abstractions in Quartz are jobs and triggers. Job is a piece of code that we would like to schedule. Trigger instructs the scheduler when this code should run. CRON (e.g. run every Friday between 9 AM and 5 PM until November) and simple (run 100 times every 2 hours) triggers are most commonly used. You associate any number of triggers to a single job.

Believe it or not, Quartz by default provides no logging or monitoring whatsoever of executed jobs and triggers. There is an API, but no built-in logging is implemented. It won't show you that it now executes this particular job due to this trigger firing. So the first thing you should do is adding the following lines to your quartz.properties:

org.quartz.plugin.triggerHistory.class=org.quartz.plugins.history.LoggingTriggerHistoryPlugin
 
org.quartz.plugin.triggerHistory.triggerFiredMessage=Trigger [{1}.{0}] fired job [{6}.{5}] scheduled at: {2, date, dd-MM-yyyy 
HH:mm:ss.SSS}, next scheduled at: {3, date, dd-MM-yyyy HH:mm:ss.SSS} org.quartz.plugin.triggerHistory.triggerCompleteMessage=Trigger [{1}.{0}] completed firing job [{6}.{5}] with resulting
trigger instruction code: {9}. Next scheduled at: {3, date, dd-MM-yyyy HH:mm:ss.SSS} org.quartz.plugin.triggerHistory.triggerMisfiredMessage=Trigger [{1}.{0}] misfired job [{6}.{5}]. Should have fired at:
{3, date, dd-MM-yyyy HH:mm:ss.SSS}

The first line (and the only required) loads the plugin class LoggingTriggerHistoryPlugin. The remaining lines are configuring the plugin, customizing the logging messages. I found the built-in defaults not very well thought, e.g. they display current time which is already part of the logging framework message. You are free to construct any logging message, see the API for details. Adding these extra few lines makes debugging and monitoring much easier: 

LoggingTriggerHistoryPlugin | Trigger [Demo.Every-few-seconds] fired job [Demo.Print-message] scheduled at: 
04-04-2012 23:23:47.036, next scheduled at: 04-04-2012 23:23:51.036 //...job output LoggingTriggerHistoryPlugin | Trigger [Demo.Every-few-seconds] completed firing job [Demo.Print-message] with resulting trigger
instruction code: DO NOTHING. Next scheduled at: 04-04-2012 23:23:51.036

You see now why naming your triggers (Demo.Every-few-seconds) and jobs (Demo.Print-message) is so important.

LoggingJobHistoryPlugin

There is another handy plugin related to logging:

org.quartz.plugin.jobHistory.class=org.quartz.plugins.history.LoggingJobHistoryPlugin
org.quartz.plugin.jobHistory.jobToBeFiredMessage=Job [{1}.{0}] to be fired by trigger [{4}.{3}], re-fire: {7}
org.quartz.plugin.jobHistory.jobSuccessMessage=Job [{1}.{0}] execution complete and reports: {8}
org.quartz.plugin.jobHistory.jobFailedMessage=Job [{1}.{0}] execution failed with exception: {8}
org.quartz.plugin.jobHistory.jobWasVetoedMessage=Job [{1}.{0}] was vetoed. It was to be fired by trigger [{4}.{3}] at: 
{2, date, dd-MM-yyyy HH:mm:ss.SSS}

The rule is the same - plugin + extra configuration. See JavaDoc of LoggingJobHistoryPlugin for details and possible placeholders. Quick look at logs reveals very descriptive output: 

Trigger [Demo.Every-few-seconds] fired job [Demo.Print-message] scheduled at:  04-04-2012 23:34:53.739, next scheduled at:  04-04-2012 23:34:57.739
Job [Demo.Print-message] to be fired by trigger [Demo.Every-few-seconds], re-fire: 0
//...job output
Job [Demo.Print-message] execution complete and reports: null
Trigger [Demo.Every-few-seconds] completed firing job [Demo.Print-message] with resulting trigger instruction code: DO NOTHING.
Next scheduled at: 04-04-2012 23:34:57.739

I have no idea why these plugins aren't enabled by default. After all, if you don't want such a verbose output, you can turn it off in your logging framework. Never mind, I think it is a good idea to have them in place when troubleshooting Quartz execution.

XMLSchedulingDataProcessorPlugin

This is a pretty comprehensive plugin. It reads XML file (by default named quartz_data.xml) containing jobs and triggers definitions and adds them to the scheduler. This is especially useful when you have a global job that you need to add once. Plugin can either update the existing jobs/triggers or ignore the XML file if they already exist - very useful when JDBCJobStore is used.

org.quartz.plugin.xmlScheduling.class=org.quartz.plugins.xml.XMLSchedulingDataProcessorPlugin

In the aforementioned article we have been manually adding job to the scheduler: 

val trigger = newTrigger().
        withIdentity("Every-few-seconds", "Demo").
        withSchedule(
            simpleSchedule().
                    withIntervalInSeconds(4).
                    repeatForever()
        ).
        build()
  
val job = newJob(classOf[PrintMessageJob]).
        withIdentity("Print-message", "Demo").
        usingJobData("msg", "Hello, world!").
        build()
  
scheduler.scheduleJob(job, trigger)

The same can be achieved with XML configuration, just place the following quartz_data.xml in your CLASSPATH: 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<job-scheduling-data xmlns="http://www.quartz-scheduler.org/xml/JobSchedulingData"
                     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
                     xsi:schemaLocation=" http://www.quartz-scheduler.org/xml/JobSchedulingData http://www.quartz-scheduler.org/xml/job_scheduling_data_2_0.xsd ">
 
    <processing-directives>
        <overwrite-existing-data>false</overwrite-existing-data>
        <ignore-duplicates>true</ignore-duplicates>
    </processing-directives>
 
    <schedule>
        <trigger>
            <simple>
                <name>Every-few-seconds</name>
                <group>Demo</group>
                <job-name>Print-message</job-name>
                <job-group>Demo</job-group>
                <repeat-count>-1</repeat-count>
                <repeat-interval>4000</repeat-interval>
            </simple>
        </trigger>
 
        <job>
            <name>Print-message</name>
            <group>Demo</group>
            <job-class>com.blogspot.nurkiewicz.quartz.demo.PrintMessageJob</job-class>
            <job-data-map>
                <entry>
                    <key>msg</key>
                    <value>Hello, World!</value>
                </entry>
            </job-data-map>
        </job>
 
    </schedule>
 
 
</job-scheduling-data>

The file supports both simple and CRON triggers and is well described using XML Schema. It is even possible to point out to an XML files somewhere in the file system and periodically scan them for changes (!) (see: XMLSchedulingDataProcessorPlugin.setScanInterval(). Guess what is Quartz using to schedule periodic scanning? 

org.quartz.plugin.xmlScheduling.fileNames=/etc/quartz/system-jobs.xml,/home/johnny/my-jobs.xml
org.quartz.plugin.xmlScheduling.scanInterval=60

 

ShutdownHookPlugin

Last but not least, ShutdownHookPlugin. Small but probably useful plugin that register shutdown hook in the JVM in order to gently stop the scheduler. However I recommend turning cleanShutdown off - if the system already tries to abruptly stop the application (typically scheduler shutdown is called by Spring via SchedulerFactoryBean) or the user hit Ctrl+C - waiting for currently running jobs seems like a bad idea. After all, maybe we are killing the application because some jobs are running for too long/hanging?

org.quartz.plugin.shutdownHook.class=org.quartz.plugins.management.ShutdownHookPlugin
org.quartz.plugin.shutdownHook.cleanShutdown=false

As you can see Qurtz ships with few quite interesting plugins. For some reason they aren't described in detail in the official documentation, but they work pretty well and are a valuable addition to scheduler.

The source code with applied plugins is available on GitHub. 

Published at DZone with permission of Tomasz Nurkiewicz, author and DZone MVB. (source)

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