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Istvan Szegedi is an IT Technical Architect at Vodafone UK. He has been working at Hewlett-Packard, Nokia Networks, Google, Morgan Stanley and Vodafone. He holds certificates such as Sun Certified System Administrator, Sun Certified Java Programmer, Sun Certified Web Component Developer, Salesforce.com Certified Force.com Developer, TOGAF Certified Enterprise Architect. As a big fan of mobile and cloud computing, he likes to believe that these technologies will eventually push aside the desktop/client-server architecture Istvan is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 38 posts at DZone. You can read more from them at their website. View Full User Profile

Heroku and Cassandra

09.11.2012
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Introduction

Last time I wrote about Hadoop on Heroku which is on add-on from Treasure Data  - this time I am going to cover NoSQL on Heroku.
There are various datastore services – add-ons in Heroku terms – available from MongoDB (MongoHQ) to CouchDB (Cloudant) to Cassandra (Cassandra.io). This post is devoted to Cassandra.io.

Cassandra.io

Cassandra.io is a hosted and managed Cassandra ring based on Apache Cassandra and makes it accessible via RESTful API. As of writing this article, the Cassandra.io client helper libraries are available in Java, Ruby and PHP, and there is also a Objective-C version in private beta. The libraries can be downloaded from github. I use the Java libraryin my tests.

Heroku – and Cassandra.io add-on, too – is built on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and it is supported in all Amazon’s locations. Note: Cassandra.io add-on is in public beta now that means you have only one option called Test available - this is free.

Installing Cassandra.io add-on

To install Cassandra.io add-on you just need to follow the standard way of adding an add-on to an application:

$ heroku login
Enter your Heroku credentials.
Email: address@example.com
Password (typing will be hidden): 
Authentication successful.

$ heroku create
Creating glacial-badlands-1234... done, stack is cedar
http://glacial-badlands-1234.herokuapp.com/ | git@heroku.com:glacial-badlands-1234.git

$ heroku addons:add cassandraio:test --app glacial-badlands-1234
Adding cassandraio:test on glacial-badlands-1234... done, v2 (free)
Use `heroku addons:docs cassandraio:test` to view documentation.

You can check the configuration via Heroku admin console:

Then you need to clone the client helper libraries from github:

$ git clone https://github.com/m2mIO/cassandraio-client-libraries.git

In case of Java client library, you need Google gson library (gson-2.0.jar), too.

Writing Cassandra.io application

The java RESTful API library has one simple configuration  file called sdk.properties. It has very few parameters stored in it – the API url and the version. The original sdk.properties file that is cloned from github has the version wrong (v0.1), it needs to be changed to 1.  You can verify the required configuration parameters using heroku config command.

$ heroku config --app glacial-badlands-1234
=== glacial-badlands-1234 Config Vars
CASSANDRAIO_URL: https://Token:AccountId@api.cassandra.io/1/welcome

You can check the same config parameters from Heroku admin console, thought the URL is misleading:

The sdk.properties file should look like this:

apiUrl = https://api.cassandra.io
version = 1

The Java code – CassandraIOTest.java – is like this:

package io.cassandra.tests;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import io.cassandra.sdk.StatusMessageModel;
import io.cassandra.sdk.column.ColumnAPI;
import io.cassandra.sdk.columnfamily.ColumnFamilyAPI;
import io.cassandra.sdk.constants.APIConstants;
import io.cassandra.sdk.data.DataAPI;
import io.cassandra.sdk.data.DataBulkModel;
import io.cassandra.sdk.data.DataColumn;
import io.cassandra.sdk.data.DataMapModel;
import io.cassandra.sdk.data.DataRowkey;
import io.cassandra.sdk.keyspace.KeyspaceAPI;

public class CassandraIOTest {
    // credentials
	private static String TOKEN = "<Token>";
	private static String ACCOUNTID = "<AccountId>";

	// data 
	private static String KS = "AAPL";
	private static String CF = "MarketData";
	private static String COL1 = "Open";
	private static String COL2 = "Close";
	private static String COL3 = "High";
	private static String COL4 = "Low";
	private static String COL5 = "Volume";
	private static String COL6 = "AdjClose";
	private static String RK = "18-05-2012";

	public static void main(String[] args) {	
		try {
			StatusMessageModel sm;

			// Create Keyspace
			KeyspaceAPI keyspaceAPI = new KeyspaceAPI(APIConstants.API_URL, TOKEN, ACCOUNTID);
			sm = keyspaceAPI.createKeyspace(KS);
			System.out.println(sm.getMessage() + " | " + sm.getDetail() + " | "
				+ sm.getError());

		        // Create ColumnFamily
			ColumnFamilyAPI columnFamilyAPI = new ColumnFamilyAPI(APIConstants.API_URL, TOKEN,
					ACCOUNTID);
			sm = columnFamilyAPI.createColumnFamily(KS, CF,
					APIConstants.COMPARATOR_UTF8);
			System.out.println(sm.getMessage() + " | " + sm.getDetail() + " | "
					+ sm.getError());

			 // Add Columns (High, Low, Open, Close, Volume, AdjClose)
			ColumnAPI columnAPI = new ColumnAPI(APIConstants.API_URL, TOKEN, ACCOUNTID);
			sm = columnAPI.upsertColumn(KS, CF, COL1,
					APIConstants.COMPARATOR_UTF8, true);
			System.out.println(sm.getMessage() + " | " + sm.getDetail() + " | "
					+ sm.getError());
			sm = columnAPI.upsertColumn(KS, CF, COL2,
					APIConstants.COMPARATOR_UTF8, true);
			System.out.println(sm.getMessage() + " | " + sm.getDetail() + " | "
					+ sm.getError());
			sm = columnAPI.upsertColumn(KS, CF, COL3,
					APIConstants.COMPARATOR_UTF8, true);
			System.out.println(sm.getMessage() + " | " + sm.getDetail() + " | "
					+ sm.getError());
			sm = columnAPI.upsertColumn(KS, CF, COL4,
					APIConstants.COMPARATOR_UTF8, true);
			System.out.println(sm.getMessage() + " | " + sm.getDetail() + " | "
					+ sm.getError());
			sm = columnAPI.upsertColumn(KS, CF, COL5,
					APIConstants.COMPARATOR_UTF8, true);
			System.out.println(sm.getMessage() + " | " + sm.getDetail() + " | "
					+ sm.getError());
			sm = columnAPI.upsertColumn(KS, CF, COL6,
					APIConstants.COMPARATOR_UTF8, true);
			System.out.println(sm.getMessage() + " | " + sm.getDetail() + " | "
					+ sm.getError());

			//Add Bulk Data
			DataAPI dataAPI = new DataAPI(APIConstants.API_URL, TOKEN, ACCOUNTID);

			List columns = new ArrayList();
			DataColumn dc = new DataColumn(COL1, "533.96");
			columns.add(dc);
			dc = new DataColumn(COL2, "530.38", 12000);
			columns.add(dc);
			dc = new DataColumn(COL3, "543.41", 12000);
			columns.add(dc);
			dc = new DataColumn(COL4, "522.18", 12000);
			columns.add(dc);
			dc = new DataColumn(COL5, "26125200", 12000);
			columns.add(dc);
			dc = new DataColumn(COL6, "530.12", 12000);
			columns.add(dc);

			List rows = new ArrayList();
			DataRowkey row = new DataRowkey(RK, columns);
			rows.add(row);

			DataBulkModel dataBulk = new DataBulkModel(rows);

			sm = dataAPI.postBulkData(KS, CF, dataBulk);
			System.out.println(sm.getMessage() + " | " + sm.getDetail() + " | "
					+ sm.getError());

			// Get Data
			DataMapModel dm = dataAPI.getData(KS, CF, RK, 0, null);
			System.out.println(dm.toString());			

			// Delete Keyspace
			sm = keyspaceAPI.deleteKeyspace(KS);
			System.out.println(sm.getMessage() + " | " + sm.getDetail() + " | "
					+ sm.getError());
		}
		catch(Exception e) {
			System.out.println(e.getMessage());
		}

	}
}

The runtime result is:

09-Sep-2012 22:59:18 io.cassandra.sdk.CassandraIoSDK constructAPIUrl
INFO: API URL: https://api.cassandra.io/1/keyspace/AAPL/
Success | Keyspace added successfully. | null
09-Sep-2012 22:59:21 io.cassandra.sdk.CassandraIoSDK constructAPIUrl
INFO: API URL: https://api.cassandra.io/1/columnfamily/AAPL/MarketData/UTF8Type/
Success | MarketData ColumnFamily created successfully | null
09-Sep-2012 22:59:24 io.cassandra.sdk.CassandraIoSDK constructAPIUrl
INFO: API URL: https://api.cassandra.io/1/column/AAPL/MarketData/Open/UTF8Type/?isIndex=true
Failed | Unable to create Column: Open | Cassandra encountered an internal error processing this request: TApplicationError type: 6 message:Internal error processing system_update_column_family
09-Sep-2012 22:59:24 io.cassandra.sdk.CassandraIoSDK constructAPIUrl
INFO: API URL: https://api.cassandra.io/1/column/AAPL/MarketData/Close/UTF8Type/?isIndex=true
Success | Close Column upserted successfully | null
09-Sep-2012 22:59:26 io.cassandra.sdk.CassandraIoSDK constructAPIUrl
INFO: API URL: https://api.cassandra.io/1/column/AAPL/MarketData/High/UTF8Type/?isIndex=true
Success | High Column upserted successfully | null
09-Sep-2012 22:59:27 io.cassandra.sdk.CassandraIoSDK constructAPIUrl
INFO: API URL: https://api.cassandra.io/1/column/AAPL/MarketData/Low/UTF8Type/?isIndex=true
Success | Low Column upserted successfully | null09-Sep-2012 22:59:29 io.cassandra.sdk.CassandraIoSDK constructAPIUrl
INFO: API URL: https://api.cassandra.io/1/column/AAPL/MarketData/Volume/UTF8Type/?isIndex=true

Success | Volume Column upserted successfully | null
09-Sep-2012 22:59:30 io.cassandra.sdk.CassandraIoSDK constructAPIUrl
INFO: API URL: https://api.cassandra.io/1/column/AAPL/MarketData/AdjClose/UTF8Type/?isIndex=true
Success | AdjClose Column upserted successfully | null
Posting JSON: {"rowkeys":[{"rowkey":"18-05-2012","columns":[{"columnname":"Open","columnvalue":"533.96","ttl":0},{"columnname":"Close","columnvalue":"530.38","ttl":12000},{"columnname":"High","columnvalue":"543.41","ttl":12000},{"columnname":"Low","columnvalue":"522.18","ttl":12000},{"columnname":"Volume","columnvalue":"26125200","ttl":12000},{"columnname":"AdjClose","columnvalue":"530.12","ttl":12000}]}]}
09-Sep-2012 22:59:32 io.cassandra.sdk.CassandraIoSDK constructAPIUrl
INFO: API URL: https://api.cassandra.io/1/data/AAPL/MarketData/
Success | Bulk upload successfull. | null
09-Sep-2012 22:59:32 io.cassandra.sdk.CassandraIoSDK constructAPIUrl
INFO: API URL: https://api.cassandra.io/1/data/AAPL/MarketData/18-05-2012/
{Volume=26125200, Open=533.96, Low=522.18, High=543.41, Close=530.38, AdjClose=530.12}
09-Sep-2012 22:59:32 io.cassandra.sdk.CassandraIoSDK constructAPIUrl
INFO: API URL: https://api.cassandra.io/1/keyspace/AAPL/
Success | Keyspace dropped successfully. | null

Analysis

Step 1./ The code creates a keyspace named AAPL using HTTP POST, url: https://api.cassandra.io/1/keyspace/AAPL/
It uses KeySpaceAPI class with Token and AccountId as parameters for the constructor. Token is used as username, while AccountID is the password. (Remember: these attributes can be retrieved using heroku config command or via Heroku Admin console)

Step 2./ Then the code creates a column family called MarketData.It uses ColumnFamilyAPI – with the credentials mentioned above – and the REST url is https://api.cassandra.io/1/columnfamily/AAPL/MarketData/UTF8Type/.

Step 3./ Then the code upserts the coumns called Open, Close, High, Low, Volume and AjdClose. It uses ColumnAPI – same credentials as we already know – and the REST url is https://api.cassandra.io/1/column/AAPL/MarketData/Open/UTF8Type/?isIndex=true where AAPL is the keyspace, MarketData is the column family and Open is the column.

Step 4./ Then the code prepares the data as name/value pairs (Open = “533.96″, Close = “530.38″, etc), defines a rowkey (“18-05-2012″) and the uses DataAPI postBulkData method to upload the data into Cassandra.io. DataAPI credentials are the same as above.

Step 5./ The code then fetches the data using HTTP GET with url: https://api.cassandra.io/1/data/AAPL/MarketData/18-05-2012/. The response is in JSON format: {Volume=26125200, Open=533.96, Low=522.18, High=543.41, Close=530.38, AdjClose=530.12}

Step 6./ Finally the code destroys the keyspace using HTTP DELETE, url: https://api.cassandra.io/1/keyspace/AAPL/.

Summary

If you want  to try out a robust, highly available  Casssandra datastore without any upfront infrastructure investment and with an easy to use API, you can certainly have a closer look at Cassandra.io on Heroku. It takes only a few minutes to start up and the APIs offer a simply REST based data management for Java, Ruby and PHP developers.

Published at DZone with permission of Istvan Szegedi, author and DZone MVB. (source)

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