Hi all, my name is Hubert A. Klein Ikkink. Not a very common name, right? To make things easier I just picked the first letters of my firstname and surname and came up with haki. So there you have it, now I am also known as Mr. Haki or mrhaki for short. You can read more blog postings at www.mrhaki.com. I am a passionate Groovy and Java developer based in Tilburg, The Netherlands. My goal is to write clean, elegant, user-centered and high quality software. You can find me on Google+ and Twitter. Hubert is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 151 posts at DZone. You can read more from them at their website. View Full User Profile

Groovy Goodness: Magic Package to Add Custom MetaClass

12.10.2011
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Groovy is very dynamic. We can add methods to classes at runtime that don't exist at compile time. We can add our own custom MetaClass at startup time of our application if we follow the magic package naming convention. The naming convention is groovy.runtime.metaclass.[package].[class]MetaClass. For example if we want to change the behavior of the java.lang.String class, then we must write a custom MetaClass with the package name groovy.runtime.metaclass.java.lang and class name StringMetaClass. We can do the same for classes we create ourselves. For example if we have a class myapp.RunApp than the custom metaclass implementation RunAppMetaClass would be in package groovy.runtime.metaclass.myapp.

Our custom MetaClass is extended from DelegatingMetaClass and besides the name of the class and the package we can write our code the way we want.

We must first compile the custom MetaClass and then we must put it in the classpath of the application code that is going to use the MetaClass.

// File: StringMetaClass.groovy
package groovy.runtime.metaclass.java.lang

class StringMetaClass extends DelegatingMetaClass {

    StringMetaClass(MetaClass meta) {
        super(meta)
    }

    Object invokeMethod(Object object, String method, Object[] arguments) {
        if (method == 'hasGroovy') {
            object ==~ /.*[Gg]roovy.*/
        } else {
            super.invokeMethod object, method, arguments
        }
    }
}

The code that will use the delegating metaclass implementation:

// File: StringDelegateSample.groovy

// Original methods are still invoked.
assert 'mrhaki'.toUpperCase() == 'MRHAKI'

// Invoke 'hasGroovy' method we added via the DelegatingMetaClass.
assert !'Java'.hasGroovy()
assert 'mrhaki loves Groovy'.hasGroovy()
assert 'Groovy'.toLowerCase().hasGroovy()

First we compile our StringMetaClass:

$ groovyc StringMetaClass.groovy

Next we can run the StringDelegateSample.groovy file if we put the generated class file in our classpath:

$ groovy -cp . StringDelegateSample

From http://mrhaki.blogspot.com/2011/11/groovy-goodness-magic-package-to-add.html

Published at DZone with permission of Hubert Klein Ikkink, author and DZone MVB.

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