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The Big List of 256 Programming Languages

05.16.2013
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Summer typically brings lots of vacation time for people. Instead of sitting around and being lazy, why not take the time to learn a new programming language? I am not recommending a specific language over others at this time, but providing a long list of languages based on GitHub and TIOBE. I have not tried to categorize or validate this list of languages in any way, so please do not complain about some ancient or useless technology being listed. If you think there is a language that should be added, please leave it in a comment along with a link with information about the language, preferably on Wikipedia or the actual language site. I give no guarantees that the links for these languages are what was meant by GitHub or TIOBE, but they do not link to an official site for the languages so I did my best in finding something.

  1. 4th Dimension/4D
  2. ABAP
  3. ABC
  4. ActionScript
  5. Ada
  6. Agilent VEE
  7. Algol
  8. Alice
  9. Angelscript
  10. Apex
  11. APL
  12. AppleScript
  13. Arc
  14. Arduino
  15. ASP
  16. AspectJ
  17. Assembly
  18. ATLAS
  19. Augeas
  20. AutoHotkey
  21. AutoIt
  22. AutoLISP
  23. Automator
  24. Avenue
  25. Awk
  26. Bash
  27. (Visual) Basic
  28. bc
  29. BCPL
  30. BETA
  31. BlitzMax
  32. Boo
  33. Bourne Shell
  34. Bro
  35. C
  36. C Shell
  37. C#
  38. C++
  39. C++/CLI
  40. C-Omega
  41. Caml
  42. Ceylon
  43. CFML
  44. cg
  45. Ch
  46. CHILL
  47. CIL
  48. CL (OS/400)
  49. Clarion
  50. Clean
  51. Clipper
  52. Clojure
  53. CLU
  54. COBOL
  55. Cobra
  56. CoffeeScript
  57. ColdFusion
  58. COMAL
  59. Common Lisp
  60. Coq
  61. cT
  62. Curl
  63. D
  64. Dart
  65. DCL
  66. DCPU-16 ASM
  67. Delphi/Object Pascal
  68. DiBOL
  69. Dylan
  70. E
  71. eC
  72. Ecl
  73. ECMAScript
  74. EGL
  75. Eiffel
  76. Elixir
  77. Emacs Lisp
  78. Erlang
  79. Etoys
  80. Euphoria
  81. EXEC
  82. F#
  83. Factor
  84. Falcon
  85. Fancy
  86. Fantom
  87. Felix
  88. Forth
  89. Fortran
  90. Fortress
  91. (Visual) FoxPro
  92. Gambas
  93. GNU Octave
  94. Go
  95. Google AppsScript
  96. Gosu
  97. Groovy
  98. Haskell
  99. haXe
  100. Heron
  101. HPL
  102. HyperTalk
  103. Icon
  104. IDL
  105. Inform
  106. Informix-4GL
  107. INTERCAL
  108. Io
  109. Ioke
  110. J
  111. J#
  112. JADE
  113. Java
  114. Java FX Script
  115. JavaScript
  116. JScript
  117. JScript.NET
  118. Julia
  119. Korn Shell
  120. Kotlin
  121. LabVIEW
  122. Ladder Logic
  123. Lasso
  124. Limbo
  125. Lingo
  126. Lisp
  127. Logo
  128. Logtalk
  129. LotusScript
  130. LPC
  131. Lua
  132. Lustre
  133. M4
  134. MAD
  135. Magic
  136. Magik
  137. Malbolge
  138. MANTIS
  139. Maple
  140. Mathematica
  141. MATLAB
  142. Max/MSP
  143. MAXScript
  144. MEL
  145. Mercury
  146. Mirah
  147. Miva
  148. ML
  149. Monkey
  150. Modula-2
  151. Modula-3
  152. MOO
  153. Moto
  154. MS-DOS Batch
  155. MUMPS
  156. NATURAL
  157. Nemerle
  158. Nimrod
  159. NQC
  160. NSIS
  161. Nu
  162. NXT-G
  163. Oberon
  164. Object Rexx
  165. Objective-C
  166. Objective-J
  167. OCaml
  168. Occam
  169. ooc
  170. Opa
  171. OpenCL
  172. OpenEdge ABL
  173. OPL
  174. Oz
  175. Paradox
  176. Parrot
  177. Pascal
  178. Perl
  179. PHP
  180. Pike
  181. PILOT
  182. PL/I
  183. PL/SQL
  184. Pliant
  185. PostScript
  186. POV-Ray
  187. PowerBasic
  188. PowerScript
  189. PowerShell
  190. Processing
  191. Prolog
  192. Puppet
  193. Pure Data
  194. Python
  195. Q
  196. R
  197. Racket
  198. REALBasic
  199. REBOL
  200. Revolution
  201. REXX
  202. RPG (OS/400)
  203. Ruby
  204. Rust
  205. S
  206. S-PLUS
  207. SAS
  208. Sather
  209. Scala
  210. Scheme
  211. Scilab
  212. Scratch
  213. sed
  214. Seed7
  215. Self
  216. Shell
  217. SIGNAL
  218. Simula
  219. Simulink
  220. Slate
  221. Smalltalk
  222. Smarty
  223. SPARK
  224. SPSS
  225. SQR
  226. Squeak
  227. Squirrel
  228. Standard ML
  229. Suneido
  230. SuperCollider
  231. TACL
  232. Tcl
  233. Tex
  234. thinBasic
  235. TOM
  236. Transact-SQL
  237. Turing
  238. TypeScript
  239. Vala/Genie
  240. VBScript
  241. Verilog
  242. VHDL
  243. VimL
  244. Visual Basic .NET
  245. WebDNA
  246. Whitespace
  247. X10
  248. xBase
  249. XBase++
  250. Xen
  251. XPL
  252. XSLT
  253. XQuery
  254. yacc
  255. Yorick
  256. Z shell

So, did you find one that you liked? Or did this stir up memories from long ago with languages you thought were dead and buried? Again, if there is a language you believe belongs in this list, please leave a comment and a wikipedia or official site link for the language.

Published at DZone with permission of Robert Diana, author and DZone MVB. (source)

(Note: Opinions expressed in this article and its replies are the opinions of their respective authors and not those of DZone, Inc.)

Comments

Paul Walker replied on Wed, 2013/05/22 - 10:54am

You didn't mention SDL: Specification & Description Language which can be compiled to C or direct to instructions.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Specification_and_Description_Language

Robert Diana replied on Wed, 2013/05/22 - 11:11am in response to: Paul Walker

SDL looks interesting. I will take a deeper look at it to see if it should be included.

Ivan Handler replied on Wed, 2013/05/22 - 11:42am

How about Snobol4 & Spitbol?

http://www.snobol4.org/

Scott King replied on Wed, 2013/05/22 - 11:58am

Do you know about The Language List?  It's been around for years.  2500 languages.  http://people.ku.edu/~nkinners/LangList/Extras/langlist.htm

Robert Diana replied on Wed, 2013/05/22 - 12:24pm in response to: Ivan Handler

I haven't heard about SNOBOL for years. I will look to see if I should include it as well.

Robert Diana replied on Wed, 2013/05/22 - 12:26pm in response to: Scott King

I had not seen the Language List. I will be playing with that for days!

Nick Antonaccio replied on Mon, 2013/10/07 - 10:38pm

I'm really happy to see that Rebol made the list.  A new open source version is available for Android, which runs the same as the desktop versions of R3.  I wrote a 200 page tutorial for it: http://learnrebol.com

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